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Understanding metastatic malignant melanoma

Understanding metastatic malignant melanoma

The meaning of the word “metastatic” is rapid transition from one point to another. It is usually used with those types of diseases that have a nature of spreading to various parts of body. Metastatic is generally related with malignancy which is nothing but a medical term for cancer. Thus, metastatic malignant melanoma is nothing but an advanced stage of cancer.

The most dreadful aspect of metastatic malignant melanoma is its ability to spread in the later stages. It is also referred to as Stage IV skin cancer. The term is used when melanoma cells (malignant in nature) spread across the body with the help of lymph nodes. Once in lymph nodes, the malignancy can spread to the distant parts of the body. Brain, lungs, liver, and bones are most often affected by these metastases.

When it comes to malignant melanoma, it is very important to understand that the person should be aware of the changes happening in his or her body. With malignant melanoma, it has to do with the pigment or coloration (or discoloration) of a small portion of skin. What makes it difficult to treat malignant melanoma is that in the early stages, the abnormal growth on the skin (such as a mole or a brown discolored spot that itches a lot) may look very normal. Hence, it is very important that the person takes utmost notice of any such changes happening in their body.

In most of the cases, malignant melanoma is caused by exposure of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds. What ultraviolet (UV) radiation does is that it damages the DNA of skin cells, and it starts to grow out of control.

Since malignancy or cancer is nothing but mutation of DNA and cells, there have been some cases where people have developed the said condition without being exposed to Ultra violet radiation. Thus, it has also been noticed that a person can also get malignant melanoma if their body does not get enough sunlight. Some of the common occurrences are in palms, inner thighs, chest, back, and sometimes in the genital area.

The person should get a thorough health check-up done if they experience symptoms like,
Hardened lumps under the skin
Frequent urination
For women, light, irregular bleeding even after menopause
A mole or brown discolored spot that has been itching a lot for a long time and bleeds
Headaches, seizures, or weakness or numbness in arms and legs

If tested positive for malignancy, Look for the best treatment options that are available and start taking measures to prevent further spread.